Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Othello Act 4 S/R

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello by Shakespeare demonstrates how words can have a profound effect on others in Act 4.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
After Iago had convinced Othello that Desdemona was cheating on him, the idea stuck with him no matter how much Desdemona denied it. This was a result of the words spoken to him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly, Othello by Shakespeare displays how ideas can stick with people and have an obvious influence on them.

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
Othello by Shakespeare correctly displays how words have an impact on individuals.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
No matter how many times Desdemona had proclaimed her lack of infidelity, the thought of her and Cassio had led him to flat out discredit every word she said.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
After the many accusations made by Othello, Desdemona had claimed “I am a Christian! If to preserve this vessel for my lord from any other foul unlawful touch be not to be a strumpet, I am none” (Shakespeare 4.2. 95-98). This was Desdemona’s earnest declaration of loyalty to Othello and to God, and it had been yet again shot down by Othello. After Iago’s manipulation, there was no way Othello could believe she wasn’t cheating. Iago’s repeated words was the final factor that cemented his thoughts, and ultimately changed his way of thinking.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
Othello had every reason to not trust her, and the proof that was offered by Iago was substantial.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Othello had said “he had my handkerchief” (Shakespeare 4.1. 25).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
The handkerchief was what had convinced Othello, not Iago’s employment of lies. The handkerchief was important to Othello, so with the fact that it had ended up in the hands of Cassio it wasn’t that far of a stretch to believe that Desdemona was having an affair. Another factor that needed to be considered is that it can be hard to tell how faithful a person is when one is only married to them for a short amount of time. Desdemona had done other rebellious acts, so Othello had no idea if she would do it again. He could have had those suspicions without Iago repeatedly telling him false information.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
Some think that Othello could have been suspicious of Desdemona without the words of Iago. We cannot deny that she had disobeyed people who were important to her and could do it again. However, Desdemona had truly believed she had done nothing wrong and she was right in that belief. She even asks “Alas, what ignorant sin have I committed?” (Shakespeare, 4.2. 81). The true culprit was Iago. Without his words to fuel his rage, Othello would have had unwavering thoughts about the kindness and devotion of his wife. She”forsook so many noble matches, her father, her country, and her friends” (Shakespeare 4.2. 146-147). Her love and devotion to Othello is evident and she herself had given no reason for his distrust. Iago knew exactly what he was doing when he convinced Othello of her profane acts, and he had controlled Othello through his words.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
A theme demonstrated in Othello by Shakespeare is the power of words and how they can affect others.

1 comment:

  1. Response: topic sentence: why; set up (work on showing what this has to do with words and words being misleading) rebuttal: really emphasize words; concluding sentence: why

    personal words