Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Othello Act 2 S/R REDO

*edits done in red
Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act 2 of Othello by Shakespeare accurately demonstrates how manipulation can be employed.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In many instances, the character Iago had appealed to others and guided them in the direction he wanted them to for his own personal gain.
  • Explanation of ideas
He does this in many ways, which include intoxication and carefully placed “suggestions.” He played people without them realizing exactly what was happening. In the events that occurred in Act 2, he was very two-faced and said conflicting ideas to many different people.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Deception to aid one’s own progress is a single idea correctly displayed in Act 2.

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays the nature of manipulation, because Iago uses deception for his personal gain and he doesn’t care for the safety of others.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
Iago manipulates others by pretending to be on their side, when in reality he plays them for his own plan. While he tricks Cassio into getting drunk and losing his position as lieutenant, he acts as if he is sympathetic about the loss, but in truth he is plotting for revenge.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Iago had said, “ you have lost no reputation at all, unless you repute yourself as a loser” (Shakespeare 2.3.289-290).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago expresses that Cassio is fine and indicates that he was sorry for him but was encouraging, when in reality Iago was the one who had caused him to lose his position. Iago was at fault here because he deliberately intoxicated Cassio. Montano was stabbed due to this occurrence. It can be inferred that Iago didn’t care because everything he does is two-faced. He agrees and is feigns being empathetic with everyone, so he is in good graces with everyone.
  • Counterclaim 1: It can be argued that everything he is doing is pure of heart, and that his own intentions come second to the goals of others.
    • Set-up
    • After Cassio had ruined his reputation, Iago shows compassion by saying that there is a way to get his position back. He must simply go to Desdemona and tell her since she had great influence over Othello and could convince him of reinstating Cassio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Iago states, “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to put you in your place again” (Shakespeare 2.3.337-339).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Iago seems to offer condolences for Cassio and help him find a way to prove himself to Desdemona. Iago indicates that he is positive that Cassio will graciously be given his rightful place as lieutenant. Helping Cassio is a thoughtful thing for Iago to do and he doesn’t mention anything he might gain or lose from Cassio talking to Desdemona. Iago is encouraging and helpful, not deceptive.
  • Claim 2:
    • Set-up
Iago doesn’t care about the wellbeing of others. The nature of manipulation and deception can be harsh when it is used for malicious intent.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
When Iago gets Cassio drunk, it caused him to attack Roderigo. When Montano intervened and had fought with Cassio, Montano had said “I am hurt to th’ death. He dies!” (Shakespeare, Act 2.3 175).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
What Montano says indicates that his violence was peaked and he had suffered physical harm. It can be implied that Iago had thought something like this would happen when he made Cassio drunk, since Iago was jealous of Cassio’s position as lieutenant. Iago was counting on Cassio doing something stupid after he made him drink an extra glass of alcohol. Clearly, the health of others was a factor he disregarded in order for him to reach the ultimate goal of betrayal.   
  • Counterclaim 2: Although, ....
    • Set-up
It could be argued that Iago had no idea that Cassio’s intoxication would have been lead to violent action, and that he cared about Montano’s health after he was stabbed.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
When offering Cassio alcohol, Iago had said “O, but they are our friends! But one cup, I’ll drink for you!” (Shakespeare, 2.3 38-39).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
In this context, Iago wanted to have a toast to Othello, which is reasonable since he’s one of their leaders in battle. Iago had believed it was just a harmless toast to their respected leader and friend, and could not have known that Cassio would get in a fight with Roderigo and Montano with a serious injury as the result.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, it appears Iago is merely being helpful and kind to many people. It cannot be denied that he had given helpful advice to many people to help them achieve goals or dreams of theirs. But it’s more complicated than that. Iago had told many people one thing and turned around to say another. After giving the wine to Cassio, he says “If I can fasten but one cup upon him with that he hath drunk tonight already, he’ll be as full of quarrel and offense as my young mistress’ dog” (Shakespeare, 2.3 49-52). From that point on, the reader knows that Iago is almost completely sure that a fight will be instigated by Cassio. He is merely being selfish to further his agenda. The fight will only benefit him in the end.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Manipulation tactics and effects is accurately portrayed in Othello by William Shakespeare.

1 comment:

  1. Opinion in topic sentence: accurately demonstrates- no opinion words! :) Title and author in summary concluding sentence.